Recently I’ve noticed that overseas contacts (from poor countries) on social media, especially “Friends” on Facebook, inquire about assistance coming into the United States. Sometimes the messages seem overly personal, even confrontational, as if well-off Americans have a moral obligation to provide for them out of unearned privilege. This may be particularly true for Americans who have written about the issue and attracted attention, as if they somehow had magical connections to play international superman. That is an illusion.
I looked up a few links from reputable law firms and references, including USCIS.
Here are some general conclusions. No question, this issue has become more difficult under Trump than it would have been with Hillary Clinton in office.
It appears that foreigners overseas looking to come to the US are responsible for submitting and tracking their own applications. US citizens here cannot submit applications for them.
But there may be occasional situations where a person in the US owns or manages a business that has an unusual need for workers with certain skills, that is not easily filled domestically. And sometimes there are businesses (like agricultural) where there could be a sudden large demand for relatively unskilled and manual labor jobs that Americans don’t want. A particular American on Facebook may own such a business or have close connections to someone that does. But in general, this would be an improbable “long shot” for the typical blogger who gets a request like this from a social media message, to provide this kind of assistance, even if he/she wanted to.
Of course, a solid work opportunity in the US could facilitate getting a green card and lawful permanent residence in the US
It is possible to get visas to visit people, who usually have to be legitimate relatives or known to the person in the real world (not just online). This is harder right now with Trump’s travel restrictions. A critical point is that the visitor must intend to return to the home country in a specified period (not overstay), or at least not announce an intention to stay. This gets to be a legally tricky point that sounds like “don’t ask don’t tell” or “silence is golden” or “I don’t know”.
In some cases the American may have to file an I-864, an “affidavit of support”, especially for longer stays. The U.S., however, does not have a “private sponsorship” program for refugees comparable to Canada’s (libertarian groups like Cato have argued that the U.S. should develop one).
There are many stories on the Internet of people who have tried to bring people here “illegally”. This is not a practice I can have anything to do with.
Understand that “Friendship” on social media is not the same thing as a long term association (familial or not) in the real world, in what it might make the friend want to do.
In some cases, a person overseas is better off still trying to find the best job in “their” home country. That may be particularly true in countries where US companies have outsourced a lot of jobs (consider call centers in India, for example). Of course, pay is low, and sometimes there is dorm living (like in China). That is something Donald Trump says he wants to change. I get the moral issue of American consumers becoming addicted to cheap “slave-like” labor overseas.
Of course, anyone who contemplates emigrating to the U.S. should seek professional legal assistance at home first. You can’t get reliable legal help on Facebook alone (or from blogs like mine),
Here are some nice links.
Wikipedia: Green cards and permanent US residence
(Posted: Friday, July 14, 2017 at 8:30 PM EDT; several important comments below on guest workers and asylum seekers, breaking developments)